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>Bazaruto reef chart | >BANP Rules | >Targeted fish species | >Jigging & Popping | >Rig a Halfbeak | >Fishing Knots

Blue Marlin - Makaira nigricans - WR 636kg
ID: Cobalt blue on top shading to silvery white on bottom.

Like the black marlin, blues are known wanderers with little scientific history. They are a highly migratory, pelagic species. They roam deep waters and congregate near baitfish-producing bottom structures such as continental shelves, canyons and reefs.

Blues are voracious and not very selective eaters. They will consume most any baitfish presented to them but their preferences are mackerel, squid, dolphin, and tuna.

For best results, use trolling lures such as Konaheads, live or dead bait. Light, medium & heavy gear for trolling and bait fishing.

Black Marlin - Makaira indicus - WR 707kg
ID: Color dark blue to black on back, vertical bars occasionally present, may not be obvious after death, belly silvery white

Female larger than the male, males rarely exceed 300 pounds, females can weigh up to 700 pounds.

Large black marlin are known to feed on squid, scad, mackerel tuna, frigate mackerel, and tuna.

The black's immense strength and exceptional size makes it a favored target among big-game fishermen. A fight with one of these fish can last for hours, wearing severely on the angler as well as the tackle. Anglers commonly troll brightly colored lures or rigged baitfish to catch this species.

Striped Marlin - Tetrapturus audax - WR 224kg
ID: The body is elongate and compressed. Upper jaw is much extended, forming a rounded spear. The color is dark blue above becoming silver below, with light blue bars or vertical spots on the sides.

Most striped marlin are taken by trolling artificial lures in areas they are known to inhabit. Live bait also works well but requires more effort since the fish must usually be first spotted visually. Strikes usually result from properly presented live bait.

They roam in deep waters and congregate near such baitfish-producing bottom structures as continental shelves, canyons, and reefs.

The food of striped marlin is predominately fishes, squid, crabs and shrimp.

Sailfish - Istiophorus platypterus - WR 64kg
ID: Color dark blue on top, brown-blue laterally, silvery white underbelly; upper jaw elongated in form of spear; first dorsal greatly enlarged in the form of a sail, with many black spots

The most common fishing methods is trolling. The three categories is artificial lures, live baits such as school size Dolphin or Bonita, and rigged natural baits like Mullet, Mackerel, Bonita or pelagic baitfish.

Sailfish will migrate in deep, warm waters, but they're known to move near shore for feeding.

Sailfish eat squid, octopus, mackerel, mullet, flyingfish, needlefish, and other small fish. Although they travel in deep water, they will usually feed in mid-depths. Given the proper bait population, sailfish can exhibit the same group hunting characteristics as white marlin.

Yellowfin Tuna - Thunnus albacares - WR 176Kg
ID: Like the other tunas, yellowfin are well known for their physical beauty and powerful swimming. The similar appearance of tunas can lead to some confusion over identification. The bluefin, albacore, yellowfin, and bigeye tuna all have a streamline, shape with darker coloration dorsally and silvery colors on the side. In the yellowfin, the dorsal surface is dark blue and can appear brownish when in the water. True to name, the yellowfin can have much yellow in their fins and shiny, golden yellow along their sides.

Yellowfin tuna are one of the most challenging species to catch with a rod and reel. Their large size and high capacity for exercise can result in broken tackle if you are poorly prepared. Yellowfin are usually targeted along the Continental Shelf where seasonal conditions create an exciting fishery for pelagic tunas, sharks and marlin. Boats typically need to run offshore at least 30-40km's to find the right temperature edges for attracting yellowfin tuna. Trolling and chumming are the primary methods used by anglers. Trolling involves creating a flashy presentation of multiple lures trolled in the boat wake while moving along at 7-8 nautical miles per hour.

Giant Kingfish (Giant Trevally) - Caranx ignobilis - WR 72Kg
Can reach lengths of 170cm with a weight of over 60Kg
ID: Crevalle Jack are bluish green to greenish gold on the back and silvery or yellowish on the belly. They are compressed, and the deep body has a high rounded profile as well as a large mouth. The tail and anal fin may be yellowish, and the ends of the dorsal and upper tail are occasionally black. There is a prominent black spot on the gill cover and another black spot at the base of each pectoral fin. Young fish usually have about five broad, black bands on the body and one on the head. The soft dorsal and anal fins are almost identical in size, and there are 18 to 21 soft rays in the dorsal fin and 16 to 19 gill rakers on the lower limb of the first arch. The crevalle jack bears a resemblance to the Florida pompano but has a larger mouth.

These GT's are popular sportfish and are among the toughest of all inshore fish, although they are not highly valued as table fare. Few fish can out-pull a GT of equal size. The fight is unspectacular but dogged, the usual pattern being a long first run. GT's use their flat sides to good advantage when waging a tug-o-war.

Dorado - (Dolphinfish) - Coryphaena hippurus - WR 39kg
ID: Bright greenish blue above, yellow on sides, with capability of flashing purple, chartreuse, and a wide range of other colors; body tapers sharply from head to tail; irregular blue or golden blotches scattered over sides

Dolphin seem to be attracted to floating objects in offshore waters. Boards, rope and other debris will likely hold dolphin.

Many of the foods eaten by dolphin such as small fishes, crabs, and shrimps are found in floating mats of sargassum. Feeding characteristics of dolphin vary greatly. At times the dolphin is a voracious predator that pursues and captures fast swimming fish such as flyingfish, mackerels and juvenile dolphin. On other occasions it seems content merely to nibble on small crustaceans and insects that float on the surface in the weedlines. In addition to foods, a variety of items discarded at sea by man are consumed by dolphin. Small light bulbs, pieces of plastic wrappers, rope, and string have been removed from dolphin stomachs

King Macrel - (Siara; Couta) - WR 42kg
ID: The body of the king mackerel is iron-gray along the back, and silvery on the sides and belly with pale to dusky fins. Small king mackerel may have spots along the sides as do Spanish mackerel, but may be distinguished from the latter species by the lateral line, which dips sharply, and also by the color of the anterior dorsal fin, which is gray instead of black.

Largest of the mackerels, the king mackerel may reach a length of 5.5 feet and weigh 100 pounds. They feed on other migratory fishes, squid and shrimp, and may be seen leaping out of the water in pursuit of prey.

Sport fishermen troll, cast, and drift fish for kings. Most of the larger fish are caught by trolling live bait, spoons, or diving plugs.

Queen Fish -
ID:The body of the queenfish is elongate and moderately compressed. The head is compressed with the upper profile depressed over the eyes. The mouth is large. The color is bluish above becoming silvery below and the fins are yellowish. Queenfish can be distinguished from other croakers by their large mouth.

Queenfish are a tropical sporting fish. They have power, speed and courage and will leap repeatedly in the effort to throw the lure.

The Queenfish inhabits coastal waters, often in schools. Smaller fish are found in estuaries and inlets, with larger fish being found offshore, usually near reefs and headlands.

Wahoo - Acanthocybium solandri WR 83Kg
ID:Numerous dark vertical bands on the side extending to below the lateral line, finlets behind the dorsal and anal fins, long snout, about half the length of the head, gill rakers are absent, first segment of the dorsal fin, with more than 20 spines, is about as high in the mid region as it is in front, upper and lower parts of tail are almost straight up and down.
A large, powerful fish, usually loners, found well offshore even to mid oceanic regions. They are voracious predators, swiftly overtaking prey, of which flying fish and halfbeaks are favorites. Little is known of their reproductive habits.

Fish have a habit of schooling according to age and size. Trolling lures, live baits or whole fish baits seems more productive. Moving baits encourage strikes. Drift fishing with baits either weighted or unweighted at varying depths helps to find fish.


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